Cyber Security is one of the fastest-growing areas in the field of computer science. The digital age has brought about internet-connected gadgets (IoT), and smartphones have evolved into information powerhouses. As more and more systems are connected to the Internet, they become vulnerable to attacks from all parts of the globe. Every business and organisation need to secure their data and assets from any attacks of this kind.
What Is Ethical Hacking?
Hacking with a purpose is the practice of examining a system’s network to identify weaknesses in the face of any threat, theft or attacks that could result in financial losses or other damage to the system.
There are five phases of Ethical hacking:
The first step is to Hire A Professional Hacker who can collect data about the system they are targeting. There are numerous tools for foot printing available to hackers to find websites, search engines and social networks, DNS, email networks, etc.
The next step is to gather more details about the network and devices, such as open ports protocols, services hosts, and live servers.
It is perhaps the most crucial stage. Hire A Professional Website Hacker with ethical motives try to access host networks, hosts devices, applications, or devices in response to the vulnerabilities discovered during the scan phase.
When a hacker has gained access via a vulnerability, the hacker isn’t required to keep the vulnerability as an end-user can install patches. Therefore, if the hacker plans to maintain an access point to the system despite the vulnerability, they could consider installing trojans, keyloggers, or spyware to preserve their access.
The final step is to eliminate all traces of the hack and any software (trojans or spyware) they might have installed. This is a Proof Of Concept (POC) to test whether hackers can reproduce the same scenarios and not be detected.
Why Learn Ethical Hacking?
Cyber Security Ventures anticipates that the world’s spending on Cyber Security to increase to $1 trillion by 2020. However, it is also predicted that cybercrime’s cost will rise to $6 trillion. Through understanding ethical hacking and gaining knowledge of ethical hacking, you will be able to play an essential role in protecting your data and systems from attacks and threats. As an ethical hacker, you can:
Conduct analysis and investigations of the systems targeted to determine weaknesses in security or system from the hacker’s point perspective and recommend a solution.
Who Is an Ethical Hacker?
A moral hacker, also known as a “white-hat” hacker, is an expert in information security, which helps detect security weaknesses and vulnerabilities within the system of concern by breaking into the system ethically and legally. The report and identify dangers so that organisations and government entities can adopt the necessary steps to protect themselves from any damage to data or the network.
There are three kinds of hackers:
White Hat Hackers
They are hackers with a moral compass who find security vulnerabilities such as hardware and software vulnerabilities and operational inefficiencies. They first seek approval from the authorised personnel before undertaking the activity legally.
Black Hat Hackers
They get access to a system without authorisation and take over or alter an organisation’s data to reap financial benefits and commit fraud or cause harm. Are you aware of the WannaCry ransomware, which caused the world four billion (USD)? It infected thousands of Windows computers in 2017 through encrypted user’s information and asking for a ransom payment in the shape of bitcoin.
Grey Hat Hackers
They carry out black and white actions. They infiltrate organisations without authorisation and typically possess malicious intentions. However, grey hats may also use contracts to assist organisations in improving their security. In essence, they operate from both ends of the road.